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What Is HTML?

HTML Example Image

Simple Explanation of HTML

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the basic language used to create web pages. Imagine it as the skeleton of a webpage, giving structure to the content like text, images, and links. When you visit a website, your web browser reads HTML code and displays it as a webpage. HTML uses ‘tags’ – these are special instructions enclosed in angle brackets like < >. Each tag has a specific purpose, like <h1> for a main heading or <p> for a paragraph. It’s a bit like putting together a document with various headings, paragraphs, and pictures, but in a code format that web browsers can understand and display on the internet.

Technical Explanation of HTML

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser. It can be assisted by technologies such as Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and scripting languages like JavaScript. HTML describes the structure of a web page semantically and originally included cues for the appearance of the document.

HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages. They are represented by tags like <html>, <title>, <body>, <header>, <footer>, <article>, <section>, <p>, <div>, <span>, <img>, <aside>, <canvas>, <script>, <link>, and many others. These elements form the hierarchy of the DOM (Document Object Model), a tree-like structure that represents the content, structure, and layout of a webpage.

HTML tags can include attributes within the opening tag. These attributes are additional settings that affect the behavior or display of that element. For instance, the href attribute in the <a> tag determines the URL link destination.

HTML5, the latest standard, introduced more descriptive document structure and incorporated multimedia elements like <audio> and <video>, and interactive elements like <canvas>, which have made web pages more rich and interactive. HTML also works closely with CSS, which handles the presentation, and JavaScript, which manages behaviour and interactivity.

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