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What Is URL?

Simple Explainer on URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is basically the address of a specific webpage or file on the Internet. It’s what you type into the address bar of your browser to visit a website or find a document online. For example, ‘‘ is a URL that takes you to Google’s homepage.

Just like your home has a unique address that people use to send you letters or find your house, every webpage has a unique URL that lets you find it on the huge world of the Internet. A URL can take you to a website, a picture, a video, or even a downloadable file like a PDF.

URLs are really important because they let us easily navigate the web. Without them, finding things online would be like trying to find a house without an address. They make it easy to go exactly where you want on the Internet, share links with others, and bookmark your favourite websites.

Technical Explainer on URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a technical term used to describe the address of a resource on the Internet. It is a reference that points to a resource on a network, typically the World Wide Web. A URL is the most common form of a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), which is a string of characters used to identify a name or a resource online.

A URL consists of several parts, each providing specific information for locating and accessing the resource. These parts include:

  1. Scheme: This indicates the protocol to be used to access the resource, such as HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), HTTPS (HTTP Secure), FTP (File Transfer Protocol), and so on.
  2. Host: This part identifies the host that holds the resource. It can be a domain name (like ‘‘) or an IP address.
  3. Port (optional): This specifies the port number at the host, which is used to access the resource. If not specified, a default port is used (like port 80 for HTTP).
  4. Path: The path specifies the exact location of the resource within the host. It often resembles a path in a file system directory structure.
  5. Query (optional): A query string provides additional information for the server to use in preparing and returning the resource.
  6. Fragment (optional): This is an internal section within the resource, often marked with a hash symbol (#).

In the context of web design and development, URLs are fundamental in creating hyperlinks, loading resources, and defining web navigation. They enable web browsers to retrieve any published resource on the web, which could be a webpage, an image, or a video. Understanding the structure and function of URLs is essential for web professionals, as it impacts the accessibility and usability of web resources. URLs are integral in ensuring that the vast content available on the internet is easily accessible, organized, and interconnected.

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